History is the study of the human past as it is described in written documents left behind by humans. The past, with all of its complicated choices and events, participants dead and history told, is what the general public perceives to be the immutable bedrock on which historians and archaeologists stand. 카지노사이트
But as purveyors of the past, historians recognize that the bedrock is really quicksand, that bits of each story are yet untold, and that what has been told is colored by the conditions of today. While not untrue to say that history is the study of the past, here is a collection of much more clear and accurate descriptions.
Pithy History Definitions
No one could argue that the best definition isn’t a short one, but it helps if you can be witty as well.
John Jacob Anderson
“History is a narration of the events which have happened among mankind, including an account of the rise and fall of nations, as well as of other great changes which have affected the political and social condition of the human race.” (John Jacob Anderson)
W.C. Sellar and R.J. Yeatman
“History is not what you thought. It is what you remember. All other history defeats itself.” (1066 and All That)
“History, Stephen said, is a nightmare from which I am trying to awake.” (Ulysses)
Arnold J. Toynbee
“History not used is nothing, for all intellectual life is action, like practical life, and if you don’t use the stuff well, it might as well be dead.”
Between 1942 and 1944, the science fiction writer Isaac Asimov wrote the first short stories which were to become the basis for the Foundation trilogy. The main concept of the Foundation Trilogy is that if you are a good enough mathematician, you can accurately predict the future, based on the record of the past. Asimov read very widely indeed, so it should come as no surprise that his ideas were based on the writings of other historians.
Charles Austin Beard
“If a science of history were achieved, it would, like the science of celestial mechanics, make possible the calculable prediction of 바카라사이트 the future in history. It would bring the totality of historical occurrences within a single field and reveal the unfolding future to its last end, including all the apparent choices made and to be made. It would be omniscience. The creator of it would possess the attributes ascribed by the theologians to God. The future once revealed, humanity would have nothing to do except to await its doom.”
Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges
“History is and should be a science … History is not the accumulation of events of every kind which happened in the past. It is the science of human societies.”
“The first foundations of all history are the recitals of the fathers to the children, transmitted afterward from one generation to another; at their origin, they are at the very most probable, when they do not shock common sense, and they lose one degree of probability in each generation.” (The Philosophical Dictionary)
Edward Hallett Carr
“History is … a dialogue between the present and the past. (originally: Geschichte ist … ein Dialog zwischen Gegenwart und Vergangenheit.)” (What Is History?)
Martin Luther King, Jr.
“The major lessons of history? There are four: First, whom the gods destroy they first make mad with power. Second, the mills of God grind slowly, but they grind exceeding small. Third, the bee fertilizes the flower it robs. Fourth, when it is dark enough you can see the stars.” (Attributed to historian Charles Austin Beard, but this version is the one Martin Luther King used in “The death of evil upon the seashore”) 온라인카지
A Pack of Tricks
Not everyone likes the study of history or finds it useful. Henry Ford was a prime example of that and so was Henry David Thoreau, what may be one of the very few things those two gentlemen had in common.
“History is nothing but a pack of tricks we play on the dead.” (French original) “J’ay vu un temps où vous n’aimiez guères l’histoire. Ce n’est après tout qu’un ramas de tracasseries qu’on fait aux morts … “
Henry David Thoreau
“As for the Pyramids, there is nothing to wonder at in them so much as the fact that so many men could be found degraded enough to spend their lives constructing a tomb for some ambitious booby, whom it would have been wiser and manlier to have drowned in the Nile, and then given his body to the dogs.” (Walden)
“History, real solemn history, I cannot be interested in. I read it a little as a duty, but it tells me nothing that does not either vex or weary me. The quarrels of popes and kings, with wars or pestilences, in every page; the men all so good for nothing, and hardly any women at all—it is very tiresome.” (Northanger Abbey)
“HISTORY, n. An account mostly false, of events mostly unimportant, which are brought about by rulers mostly knaves, and soldiers mostly fools: Of Roman history, great Niebuhr’s shown ‘Tis nine-tenths lying. Faith, I wish ’twere known, Ere we accept great Niebuhr as a guide, Wherein he blundered and how much he lied.” (Devil’s Dictionary)
“A race of people is like an individual man; until it uses its own talent, takes pride in its own history, expresses its own culture, affirms its own selfhood, it can never fulfill itself.”
The Passage of Time
Whether you like history or not, there’s no denying the impact it leaves on us.
Henry David Thoreau
“Most events recorded in history are more remarkable than important, like eclipses of the sun and moon, by which all are attracted, but whose effects no one takes the trouble to calculate.” (A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers.)
Gusti Bienstock Kollman
“You know, it’s so strange, I’ve lived through four forms of government in my life: monarchy, republic, Hitler’s Reich, American democracy. The [Weimar] republic was only … 1918 to 1933, that’s fifteen years! Imagine that, only fifteen years. But, then, Hitler was going to last a thousand years and he lasted only … 1933 to 1945 … twelve, twelve years only! Hah!”
“So very difficult a matter it is to trace and find out the truth of anything by history.” (Plutarch’s Lives)
“The History of every major Galactic Civilization tends to pass through three distinct and recognizable phases, those of Survival, Inquiry, and Sophistication, otherwise known as the How, Why and Where phases. For instance, the first phase is characterized by the question “How can we eat?” the second by the question “Why do we eat?” and the third by the question “Where shall we have lunch?” (Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Universe)